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Reference Examples

References should begin immediately following the text of the paper. This section should be clearly marked by the word "References" in bold type-face and aligned with the left hand side of the page. References should be formatted in APA style. References should be alphabetized, single spaced and with a hanging half inch indent. A blank line should be placed between each reference. Examples are listed in the Reference Examples page. This page can be found under the sub-navigational menu within the Justice Policy Journal pages on the Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice's webpage. In the event that a question about proper citation style arises, refer to the citations provided by articles in previous editions of the journal first, and the APA Style Manual second.

In-text Citations

Shelden (1992) indicates…
Literature on the prison industrial complex… (Beckett 1997; Davis 1998a, 1998b; Mauer 1995).


Beckett, Katherine. (1997). Making crime pay: Law and order in contemporary American politics. New York:OxfordUniversityPress.

Book Chapter

Lucas, Tim. (1998). Youth gangs and moral panics inSanta Cruz,California. In T. Skelton and G. Valentine (Eds.), Cool Places: Geographies of youth cultures (pp. 145-160).New York: Routledge.

Journal Article

Briggs, Charles L. and Clara Mantini-Briggs. (2000). "Bad mothers" and the threat to civil society: Race, cultural reasoning and the institutionalization of social inequality in a Venezuelan infanticide trial. Law and Social Inquiry 25(2), pp. 299-354.

Article in an Internet Only Journal

Alasti, Sanaz. (2007). Comparative study of stoning punishment in the Religions of Islam and Judaism. Justice Policy 4(1), 1-54. Retrieved April 1, 2007, from

Newspaper Article with no Author Named

"Lawmakers reach deal for $7.3 billion prison overhaul." (2007, April 26). San Francisco Chronicle, p. A1.

Electronic Reference

Corcoran, Megan. (2007). What a California sentencing commission might do. Retrieved April 1, 2007, from

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