Skip to main content

Reference Examples

References should begin immediately following the text of the paper. This section should be clearly marked by the word "References" in bold type-face and aligned with the left hand side of the page. References should be formatted in APA style. References should be alphabetized, single spaced and with a hanging half inch indent. A blank line should be placed between each reference. Examples are listed in the Reference Examples page. This page can be found under the sub-navigational menu within the Justice Policy Journal pages on the Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice's webpage. In the event that a question about proper citation style arises, refer to the citations provided by articles in previous editions of the journal first, and the APA Style Manual second.

In-text Citations

Shelden (1992) indicates…
Literature on the prison industrial complex… (Beckett 1997; Davis 1998a, 1998b; Mauer 1995).

Book

Beckett, Katherine. (1997). Making crime pay: Law and order in contemporary American politics. New York:OxfordUniversityPress.

Book Chapter

Lucas, Tim. (1998). Youth gangs and moral panics inSanta Cruz,California. In T. Skelton and G. Valentine (Eds.), Cool Places: Geographies of youth cultures (pp. 145-160).New York: Routledge.

Journal Article

Briggs, Charles L. and Clara Mantini-Briggs. (2000). "Bad mothers" and the threat to civil society: Race, cultural reasoning and the institutionalization of social inequality in a Venezuelan infanticide trial. Law and Social Inquiry 25(2), pp. 299-354.

Article in an Internet Only Journal

Alasti, Sanaz. (2007). Comparative study of stoning punishment in the Religions of Islam and Judaism. Justice Policy 4(1), 1-54. Retrieved April 1, 2007, from http://cjcj.webitects.com/news/category/511.

Newspaper Article with no Author Named

"Lawmakers reach deal for $7.3 billion prison overhaul." (2007, April 26). San Francisco Chronicle, p. A1.

Electronic Reference

Corcoran, Megan. (2007). What a California sentencing commission might do. Retrieved April 1, 2007, from http://www.californiaprogressreport.com/site/what-california-sentencing-commission-might-do.

California Stentencing Institute screenshot

California Sentencing
Institute (CASI)

Explore how California’s 58 counties send their residents to correctional institutions with interactive maps, charts, and downloadable data.

Connect with us

      YouTube

Contribute to CJCJ

Make a difference to youth and adults trying to get their lives back on track.

Join our mailing list

Get regular updates and news delivered to your inbox. We won’t share your information with anyone else.