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Supportive Living Program

Drug and alcohol treatment services for adult parolees housed in residential neighborhood facilities.

CJCJ’s Supportive Living Program (SLP) was licensed and certified by the California Department of Alcohol and Drug Programs (CDADP). It served male adults with substance abuse histories who were returning from state prison. SLP’s over-arching goal was to reduce the impact of substance abuse and addiction on formerly incarcerated people. SLP also aimed to reduce recidivism by parolees who participate in the program. The program ended in 2013; however, the model is replicable in other jurisdictions.

The model

The SLP residential substance abuse treatment model is based on a social model recovery modality. Social model recovery programs focus on building a person’s intrinsic motivation to maintain a clean and sober lifestyle through self-determination, personal growth, social interaction, and supportive networks. Unlike traditional clinical approaches, social model recovery programs encourage and promote personal initiative and community involvement.

All clients give and receive help and participate in program decision-making, regardless of their status of the program. The values of honesty, tolerance, willingness to try, and helping others form the foundation of the programmatic design.

Staff work with clients to develop an individualized treatment plan to address specific psychological and social needs. Clients receive the follow core services in partnership with other community-based services including substance abuse recovery services, anger management, employment readiness services, and group and individual counseling. Treatment plans are reviewed, modified, and discussed with clients on a weekly basis.

SLP model facilities operate 24 hours a day and encourage clients to partake in treatment for a minimum of 90 days and up to six months. Clients also receive up to one year of aftercare services.


In 1992, CJCJ established SLP as a residential reentry program for parolees with histories of substance abuse, developing the first program in the nation to utilize the Social Model Recovery approach for this population. During its 22 years of operation, SLP graduates consistently showed higher rates of employment and lower rates of recidivism than clients in other more conventional residential reentry programs. SLP was funded by the San Francisco Department of Public Health (DPH) and was part of the Bay Area (Parole) Services Network (BASN), which is funded by the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) to reduce the number of state parolees returning to prison for parole violations.

CJCJ’s SLP closed effective October 31, 2013. The model remains an important and replicable option for future implementation in other jurisdictions. To learn more about SLP, read The Supportive Living Program: Applying a social model recovery approach to high-risk parolees.

To apply for technical assistance to replicate this model program or for more information, please contact:

Daniel Macallair, Executive Director
Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice
424 Guerrero Street, Suite A
San Francisco, CA 94110
415-621-5661 ext. 107

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